Even if you are very good at brushing your teeth, you will inevitably leave some bacteria behind. This gradually hardens and forms tartar, which sticks to the tooth surface. It smells unpleasant and adheres more bacteria to its surface therefore the tartar builds up. Therefore, it is important that you attend for hygiene treatment every 6 months for cleaning of the teeth surfaces, leaving you with that fresh feeling. Equally, food and drinks such as coffee cause staining of teeth over time. The teeth would therefore benefit from polishing in order to restore their white natural colour.
80% of the population have gum disease. Prolonged tartar build-up which is not removed will eventually cause inflammation of the gums; a disease called gingivitis. This causes the gums to look red rather than pink and may cause bleeding. Patients may notice blood on their toothbrush or in the sink when brushing their teeth. Just as much as you would not ignore blood seeping out of anywhere else in your body, you must not ignore this. Simple treatment as well as changes in hygiene habits will cure this disease.
In susceptible patients, gingivitis may eventually progress to periodontitis, which is the dissolving of the bone around the teeth. The teeth then gradually lose support, become loose, and then fall out. Like many other diseases in the body, this disease does not hurt, therefore the patient does not know it is happening. If you attend check-ups regularly, your dentist can detect early signs of this disease and help prevent its progression.